Back pain, leg pain, neck pain, upper back pain, and arm pain patients should thoroughly be assessed for a bulging or herniated discs. A herniated or bulging disc is treatable. However, treatments must be targeted and tissue-specific. Chiropractic Specialty Center® is Malaysia’s best non-surgical treatment facility for the neck, back or slipped disc patients. We like to share some information on spinal disc anatomy and structure before explaining our slip-disc treatment options.
Anatomy of a Spinal Disc and Causes of Disc Bulge or Herniation
The spinal disc is a firm structure made of two main components: the annulus fibrosus and the nucleus pulposus. Stability of these two structures are vital to healthy spine. The soft center is called the “nucleus” or nucleus pulposus. The nucleus is the heart of the spinal disc, allowing mobility, shock absorbance and synthesizes the nutrient (compounds) that the spinal disc needs on a daily basis. On other other hand, the outer ring of a disc is named the “annulus” or annulus fibrosus. The annulus forms vertebra-to-vertebra connection and corrals or maintains the nucleus in the center. Each spinal disc has 15-25 concentric rings of the annulus fibrosus that are firmly bound to each other. For the outer ring or annulus fibers to stay healthy, it needs a constant flow of nutrients from the nucleus.
How a Disc Slips, Bulges or Herniates?
Slip-disc occurs when the nucleus is dehydrated or degenerated (weak). Once degenerated, the nucleus is unable to provide the needed nutrient to the annulus, and as such, the annulus degenerates as well. A degenerated spinal disc (annulus and nucleus) is the leading factor in the development of a slip-disc (bulging disc, herniated disc, protruded disc or prolapsed disc).
A slip-disc is when the surrounding tissues of the spinal disc protrude or rupture through. Concentric rings of the annulus fibrosus makeup the surrounding tissues of the nucleus. The pushing away of the annulus fibers are the results of degenerative changes that break the tightly bound fibers of the annulus, allowing them to slip or bulge through.
As soon as the disc bulges (herniates or slips), it pushes against the spinal nerves or spinal cord. Symptoms can vary with some noting discomfort, pain, and even general numbness in the target area. In severe cases it causes impotence,
Without appropriate slip-disc treatment, this problem can become a long-term issue.